International

Monday, November 3, 2014

MACHINES



centre-perforated film, intended for the amateur and semi-professional market in 1899






Bioscope (Charles Urban)
Warwick Bioscope, c1900. Designed in the USA for Urban by Walter Isaacs in 1897 and sold in Britain, this projector used a beater movement 










Bioskop (Max Skladanowsky)
Projector that used two loops of 54 mm film, with images projected alternately, 1895
  











Birtac (Birt Acres)
The Birtac narrow gauge camera / printer / projector for 17.mm film, set up for projection 










Cinématographe (Auguste Lumière-Louis Lumière)
1. Lumière Cin&eacutematographe in use as a camera c.1896 (with unusual film take-up chamber)



Cinématographe (Auguste Lumière-Louis Lumière)
2. Lumière Cin&eacutematographe set up for projection, 1895-96



Cinéorama (Raoul Grimoin-Sanson)
Ten synchronised cameras arranged in a circle filmed a balloon ascent from the balloon basket. The intention was that ten projectors would recreate the experience on a circular screen



Electrical Schnellseher (Ottomar Anschütz)
Coin-operated arcade version, with images on celluloid arranged around a disc, c1892



Electrotachyscope (Ottomar Anschütz)
Early version, with glass positives arranged around a disc, 1887



Electrotachyscope (projecting) (Ottomar Anschütz)
Drawing showing two large picture discs, each with twelve images, projected alternately, 1894



Filoscope (Henry Short)
A flip-book, patented in 1898, encased in a metal cover and operated by applying thumb pressure on a lever. Featuring lithographed images, mostly from films made by R.W. Paul



Kammatograph (Leo Kamm)
Camera / projector with miniature images arranged in a spiral on a glass disc, patented 1898



Kineoptoscope (Riley Brothers)
35 mm film projector with claw movement, based on Wray's design. Free-standing model, 1897



Kinesigraph (Wordsworth Donisthorpe)
Camera for unperforated film, unusual shuttle movement, patented with W.C. Crofts 1889



Kinetic Camera (Birt Acres)
Birt Acres' Kinetic Camera for 35mm perforated film, 1895



Kinetograph (George De Bedts)
De Bedts Kinetograph, 1896. A combined camera-projector mechanism. Illustrated in projection mode, with water tank cooler between light source and film



Kinetograph (W.K-L. Dickson-Thomas Edison)
Camera (the first to use perforated film stock) for producing subjects for the Kinetoscope peepshow machine. Developed over several years, and shotting commercially-used films from 1893



Kinetophone (W.K-L. Dickson-Thomas Edison)
Kinetoscope with Phonograph cylinder audio player built in and earphones, 1895



Kinetoscope (W.K-L. Dickson-Thomas Edison)
1. Kinetoscope - interior view. The 35 mm film travelled continuously over a bank of rollers, each picture being viewed briefly through a narrow slot in the revolving shutter



Kinetoscope (W.K-L. Dickson-Thomas Edison)
2. Kinetoscope - exterior view. Electrically-driven peepshow machine for films produced with Kinetograph camera. 1894



Kinetoscope (W.K-L. Dickson-Thomas Edison)
3. Peter Bacigalupi's Kinetoscope parlour, San Francisco, 1894 or 1895



Kinetoscope (W.K-L. Dickson-Thomas Edison)
4. Kinetoscope plan view, showing continuous film mechanism and single thin aperture in shutter



Kinora (Herman Casler-Louis Lumière)
The first clockwork Kinora mechanism, as manufactured by Gaumont




Magniscope (Edward Amet)
Amet Magniscope 35mm film projector, 1896. A portable machine popular with travelling showmen. © American Museum of the Moving Image



Mutagraph (Herman Casler)
Mutagraph-Biograph camera for 68/70 mm film, c1897



Mutoscope (Herman Casler)
Hand-cranked viewer for exhibiting a reel of photographs printed from a motion picture film. Commercialised 1896



Panoptikon (Woodville Latham)
Primitive projector, in which the two-inch film moved continuously. The first to be used for commercial film shows in 1895. Later (as the Eidoloscope) an intermittent mechanism was added



Phantascope (J.A.A. Rudge)
Phantascope (or Biphantascope), 1870s. Seven slides were mounted in a carousel that travelled around the lantern body intermittently



Phantoscope (C. Francis Jenkins)
Beater movement version used in October 1895



Phonoscope (Georges Demenÿ)
Phonoscope (Gaumont-Demenÿ) - also known as the Bioscope - set up for projection, 1895



Photo-Rotoscope (W.C. Hughes)
Hughes Photo-Rotoscope projector, 1898, with beater movement


Praxinoscope (Émile Reynaud)
1877, version with crank handle



Projecting Kinetoscope (Thomas Edison)
Edison Projecting Kinetscope with spoolbank, 1897



Tachyscope (Ottomar Anschütz)
Drum version of the Anschütz Tachyscope (also known as the Schnellseher), 1890. Showed five sets of moving images simultaneously. Transparencies were continuously moving, each illuminated by a brief spark.



Thaumatographe (Oskar Messter)
Messter Thaumtographe camera for 35 mm film, 1896



Théâtre Optique (Émile Reynaud)
A theatrical projection version of Reynaud's Praxinoscope, using a band of painted characters superimposed on a background projected from a separate lantern. Patented 1888, in commercial use from 1892. Later, photographic images were used



Theatrograph (Robert Paul)
The Theatrograph no. 2, mark 1, as presented by Robert Paul to the Science Museum in 1913



Vitascope (Thomas Armat-Thomas Edison)
Vitascope 35 mm film projector, originally developed by Thomas Armat (with C. Francis Jenkins), and sold to Edison, 1896


 
Zoöpraxiscope (Eadweard Muybridge)
Muybridge's Zoöpraxiscope, 1879 (modified 1892/3). © 2004 Kingston Museum and Heritage Centre, Surrey